Top Medication NCLEX Questions in Pharmacology
Pharmacological and parenteral therapies comprise 13 to 19% of all NCLEX questions. Unfortunately, it is impossible to memorize all the drugs in the world – unless you have an eidetic memory. If you were not born a regular Sheldon Cooper, you can still become a wizard of pharmacology by focusing on these top 5 medications that usually appear in medication NCLEX questions:
Heart disease is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the United States – and all around the world. As such, you can expect Ace Inhibitors to pop up in medication NCLEX questions every so often.
There are many Ace Inhibitors out there, but one thing you should know is that this family of drugs often ends in –pril (i.e. Captopril and Enalapril.) Medication NCLEX questions usually ask about common side effects, and with Ace inhibitors it is usually dizziness.
As a nurse, you need to be on the lookout for the development of throat or lip swelling in patients taking such drugs. After all, this is a rare yet very serious side effect that warrants the attention of the physician.
Another category of anti-hypertensive medications, Alpha Blockers are often included in medication NCLEX questions. Known to have the suffix –zosin or –losin, they are also used in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and Raynaud’s disease.
A common side effect of Alpha Blockers is orthostatic hypotension, or dizziness and low blood pressure that occur after an abrupt change in position (standing up from a lying or sitting position.) When you come across medication NCLEX questions pertaining to this, remember that your best measure is to advise your patient to change his position slowly in order to prevent this unpleasant side effect.
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Antianginals are medications that dilate the peripheral veins and arteries. This effect makes them the drug of choice in patients manifesting angina pectoris, a symptom associated with ischemic heart disease. Such antianginals that might pop out in medication NCLEX questions are the following:
- Nitrates – Nitroglycerin, Isosorbide Mononitrate and Isosorbide Dinitrate
- Beta Blockers – Drugs with –olol suffix, examples include Metoprolol or Acebutolol
- Calcium Channel Blockers – Dihydropine classes are characterized by the –dipine suffix
True to its name, this drug deals with dysrhythmias or arrhythmias, heart conditions characterized by irregular heartbeats. Antidysrhythmic drugs that might appear in NCLEX questions include Sodium Channel Blockers (Procainamide, Lidocaine), Beta-Adrenergic Blockers (Propanolol), Potassium Channel Blockers (Amiodarone) and Calcium Channel Blockers (Verapamil, Adenosine). Aside from the different type of antidysrhythmic drugs, medication NCLEX questions might deal with nursing considerations associated with these medications. Here are some helpful pointers:
- Monitor cardiac rate and rhythm when administering IV antidysrhythmics.
- Observe for side effects, as these might indicate overdose.
Antifungals, or drugs that combat fungal infections, are often incorporated in NCLEX questions. Often ending in the suffix –zole, antifungals are known to cause hepatotoxicity. As such, it is important to monitor the liver function tests of individuals who receive this kind of drug.
Even if there are many drugs in the world, you can answer medication NCLEX questions in Pharmacology with ease and confidence – just by remembering these tips. Put your skills to the test by sampling the Pharmacology medication NCLEX questions here at www.nclexpreceptor.com.